Although immigration from the Dominican Republic to the United States dates back at least to 1940, a growing influx began in the decade after the 1961 assassination of dictator Rafael Leonidas Trujillo Molina. Having experienced a failed armed insurrection 1965, a sub-sequent U.S.-led invasion, and further social-political instability in a depressed economy, Dominicans from all social, religious, and economic backgrounds first began to resettle in great numbers in New York City in the 1970s.